This method causes loss of body mass when food volume ingested is controlled through the reduction of stomach volume. Also, nutrient malabsorption is also stimulated by administration of various procedures as one way or reducing this abnormal mass gaining. These activities can also be done through hormonal manipulations where hormones responsible for causing digestion are deactivated. Most of the procedures and methods under this procedure are laparoscopic in nature.
The commonly known techniques under this surgical procedure include the sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion, adjustable gastric band, and duodenal switch among others. However, the effectiveness of every technique depends on the physician performing it. Also, it depends on the biological factors and the response of the patient towards the procedure.
Gastric bypass is performed in order to reduce the amount of food that the stomach can hold as well as inhibiting release of certain hormones. The upper and lower stomach surfaces are reduced making the upper pouch small therefore holding small food volumes. Formation of this smaller pouch is effective in that the amount held is relatively low reducing the digestive system activities and eventually reducing the body mass.
The advantage of this gastric bypass procedure is that there is better safety since the hormones that cause cravings as well as stimulating hunger are minimized. This procedure is also great for dealing with overweight and diabetes 2. At the same time, body energy expenditure is also effective. Nevertheless, this procedure is usually complicated and may cause serious problems and complications. Again, mineral absorption and vitamins are reduced. The procedure is also associated with long recovery and healing period, and the patient must adhere to certain diets.
In addition, sleeve gastrectomy is performed on one side of the stomach leaving a banana-shaped pouch where ingested food is stored. Hunger suppression and satiety are some of the aspects that this technique properly address. It is an ideal method for blood sugar regulation. The main disadvantage of the technique is that there is no reversing after you have undergone the procedure. It is also liable to early complications.
The other technique is the adjustable gastric band. The technique is usually effective in minimizing the size of the stomach using an inflatable band that is adjustable when there is the need for adjustment. The procedure also reduces the size of your stomach such that it holds less food. The procedure is also adjustable and reversible.
The main demerit is that its effectiveness is low, you also need to adhere to dietary regulations. Foreign materials may also cause allergic conditions. There are also other techniques such as biliopancreatic diversion, gastric bypass and duodenal switch under this procedure.
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