It can help with recovery after some surgeries. Doctors will normally recommend it for injuries or long-term health problems like arthritis. It is either used alone or with other forms of treatment. The therapist examines you to know the various symptoms you are experiencing. This helps to come up with a treatment plan. The main goal is to make joints move better and restoration of flexibility and strength. It will also enhance strength, flexibility, coordination and endurance.
There are different forms of these therapies. Among the commonest is exercising. Exercise is controlled physical stress applied to the body to assist in improving motion range, strength and flexibility. Exercises are classified as active or passive. The passive exercises are those in which you are required to relax as the therapist applies stress. One example is hamstring stress in which you lift your leg so that muscles are elongated on the bag of thighs.
With the active exercises, they are performed under power of the person. Some of these exercises include straight leg raising, hip strengthening and walking on treadmills. There are home programs that are very effective and are recommended to be done by the individual. They come in handy for those who want to get back to normal functioning of the body fast. Exercising is is probably the most used form of physical therapy.
On rare occasions, electric stimulation is used to reduce pain around tissues that are injured. This theory can be explained in two ways, the opiate theory and gate theory. Other forms of this stimulation are used to contract muscles. This is used to help injured muscles relearn ways of functioning properly. The treatment might take time before normal operations are resumed.
Traction is used to treat neck pain and low back pain and thus helps to minimize pain and improve spine mobility. In order to use lumber traction, you get strapped into some mechanical machine. There is a vest used for supporting the ribs. Theoretically, traction is used to separate joints and disk spaces found at the lower neck and back. This will decrease pressure in the nerves.
There is also use of light or laser therapy. Light therapies usually involve using light which is at specific wavelengths that help to improve healing of tissues that had injuries. The treatment is painless and lasts for three minutes maximum. Therapists will hold light emitting wands over the injured parts and then press a button that activate the light.
There is the option of using massage. This will involve use of the hands to knead tissues that are injured with the aim of improving circulation. This leads to decrease of muscle tension.
Types Of Physical Therapy Cambridge MA